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  • Cross-section of the Upper Garden with an Arched Street Named a Bystreet and of the Lower Garden. Plate D

    Artist:
    Kubicki, Jakub. 1758-1833
    Technique:
    pen and ink, watercolour
    Dimensions:
    30,1х51,8 cm

Kubicki, Jakub. 1758-1833

Cross-section of the Upper Garden with an Arched Street Named a Bystreet and of the Lower Garden. Plate D

Poland, Circa 1818

Title:

Cross-section of the Upper Garden with an Arched Street Named a Bystreet and of the Lower Garden. Plate D

Place:

Date:

Material:

Technique:

pen and ink, watercolour

Dimensions:

30,1х51,8 cm

Acquisition date:

Transferred to the Hermitage from the Stroganov Palace Library through the Museum Fund

Inventory Number:

ОР-44936

Comment:

This project represents a vertical cross-section of the arched street (rue voutée) known today as Kubicki Arcades, which runs all along the front of the Royal Castle facing the Vistula. These solidly built arcades are located at the foot of the castle. Being several metres thick, the walls are supported by piles consolidating a poor quality soil; over centuries it has remained a landfill site. With the help of a horizontal line on the left the architect shows the peak river levels recorded during the 1813 flood. Along with consolidating the steep slope, the arcades were supposed to protect the bank from destruction in the case of the water level rise. The concept of arcades conditioned the unusual and innovative solution of several problems, which starting from the mid-18th century all the architects involved in the development of the steep slope below the castle, tried to cope with. It was not until 1995 that the reconstruction work was completed. It was planned to lay out a lower garden on made up ground, that was elevated in order to prevent the dangers of flood. In the project, under the 1813 water line, the desired elevation of the real tillage is marked with red watercolour paint. Kubicki depicted the powerful piles protecting the edge of the river bank from erosion, and the stair steps leading to the water. Comments by Valery Shevchenko

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